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Corals are marine animals in class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria typically living in compact colonies of many identical individual "polyps". The group includes the important reef builders that inhabit tropical oceans and secrete calcium carbonate to form a hard skeleton.

A coral "head" is a colony of myriad genetically identical polyps. Each polyp is a spineless animal typically only a few millimeters in diameter and a few centimeters in length. A set of tentacles surround a central mouth opening. An exoskeleton is excreted near the base. Over many generations, the colony thus creates a large skeleton that is characteristic of the species. Individual heads grow by asexual reproduction of polyps. Corals also breed sexually by spawning: polyps of the same species release gametes simultaneously over a period of one to several nights around a full moon.





Available data


Coral Sequences (n) Reference
Acropora hyacinthus-larvae-Acropora_hyacinthus_univ_texas 130674
Acropora millepora-larvae-Acropora_millepora_univ_texas 177143
Acropora millepora-Larvae-Amil 99428
Acropora palmata-15 day old larvae infected with strain KB8-ApalJ_15OLI 891
Acropora palmata-15 day old larvae-ApalJ_15OL 852
Acropora palmata-96 hours post fertilization-ApalJ_96F 620
Acropora palmata-Adult colony-Apal_AC 1014
Acropora palmata-Adult colony-ApalJ_AC 691
Acropora palmata---Apal_Uni 4959
Acropora palmata-Early planulae-Apal_EP 1061
Acropora palmata-Late planulae infected-Apal_LPI 1305
Acropora palmata-Late planulae uninfected-Apal_LPU 1358
Acropora palmata-Pooled library-Apal_pool 9025
Acropora palmata-spawned eggs-ApalJ_SE 1097
Acropora palmata-Unfertilized egg-Apal_SE 884
Acropora_millepora Genome 12559
Aiptasia pallida---Aip 4925
Montastraea annularis ---Mann 2173
Montastraea annularis ---Mann_2 215
Montastraea faveolata-Adult colony infected-Mfav_AC 744
Montastraea faveolata-Early planulae-Mfav_EP 147
Montastraea faveolata-Late planulae infected-Mfav_LPI 194
Montastraea faveolata-Late planulae uninfected-Mfav_LPU 682
Montastraea faveolata-Pooled library-Mfav_pool 9768
Montastraea faveolata-Unfertilized egg-Mfav_SE 76
Porites astreoides-Adult tissue-Past 6681
Porites astreoides-adult-Porites_astreoides_univ_texas 88120
Symbiodinium sp. clade C3---C3 2632
Symbiodinium sp. strain KB8-in culture-KB8 1220
Acropora digitifera Genome 18834