Phyllogorgia dilatata (Esper, 1806):
“Coral Elephant Ear or Gorgônia”

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CNIDARIA ANTHOZOA ALCYONACEA
GORGONIIDAE

Morphological Characteristics: The colonies have a smooth surface and are composed of several axes that anastomose and form a network. The spaces between axes may or may not be filled by material in order to form a more or less continuous sheet, where polyps are. Colonies can reach up to 65 cm high and 47 cm wide. The coloration varies from white, beige and yellow. There aberrant colonies where there occurs anastomosis or sheet forming, Wave action directly affects the morphology of individuals in regions where much surge occurs they have a more branched appearance, while the calmer and protected areas he has more appearance fan-shaped .. However, these abnormal colonies can be distinguished from other species by sclerite type scaphoid distribution of polyps around the whole industry and the thicker cenênquima.

Bathymetric distribution: It is found in subtidal, often in environments coralíneos reefs and shallow water - deeper Joined: 28 m off Rocas.


Type locality: Endemic species of the Brazilian coast and oceanic islands: MA (includes parcel of Manuel Luiz), CE, RN (includes Atoll das Rocas), EP (includes Fernando de Noronha), BA (includes the Abrolhos Bank), ES (including the island Trinity), RJ (southern limit of known Arraial do Cabo). These images were made in Parcel Abrolhos.

Habitat and ecology: His favorite inhabit are shallow and well lit waters. It is found in subtidal, often in environments coralíneos reefs and shallow waters.

Reproduction: The organisms of this class usually reproduce in two ways: sexually and asexually. as occurs asexually by budding, longitudinal or transverse fission and foot laceration, so that the mating external or internal fertilization occur, with one planula larva. dioecious or monoiceous bodies.

Conservation status: Agreement with ICMBio records this species is threatened because of factors such as hunting / capture pollution and excessive, resulting in a species scenario of vulnerability as well, according to data from the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) this species is not a stage when extinction based on the world stage.