Muriceopsis sulphurea (Donovan, 1825):
“Spiny Gorgonian, Sulfur soft coral”

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Morphological Characteristics: Colonies reach 20 cm in height have coloring in shades of yellow, orange and cream-yellow. Have the form of small shrubs, low or long, but always branched. The branches can be thin or thick and are covered by polyps. The Muricea are very tough and they often survive to grow into colonies. This gorgonians are very rough and can sting other corals seem to be thorns in their skeleton. This coral is easy to propagate and is popular in reef hobby.

Bathymetric distribution: This coral is found in shallow waters 2 meters to about 9 feet deep;

Type locality: Florida, Panama (Guzmán HM1, Guevara CA.), The waters of the Caribbean and the Abrolhos Archipelago, Brazil.

Habitat and ecology: Generally found in shallow, illuminated areas and amid leafy algae. And a octocoral that is present in more hot water.

Reproduction: This group of gorgonians is very easy to propagate they do not need to have any of the tissue removed before being glued to a substrate. These corals are often damaged by storms and fragmentation is a natural method of asexual reproduction. The Sexual reproduction in these gorgonians follows the characteristic pattern of all anthozoans where the internal and external larval development were recorded. Most gorgonians have male and female separate colonies. In some eggs and sperm are released simultaneously to an external fertilization, but in most gorgonians female picks up the sperm, eggs and meditates. A larva swimming Planula develops from the fertilized egg. The larva metamorphoses and settles on the substrate to form a founder polyp, from which the secondary polyps bud asexually to form a branched "colony".

Conservation status: The "IUCN" does not present data on this species and therefore can not understand how is the risk of extinction of this coral in the world. According to the ICM-Bio this choir presents no risk of extinction, see that he's not on the red list, or do not have data for this species.