Plexaurella regia (Barreira and castro, 1986):
“Octocorals”

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CNIDARIA ANTHOZOA ALCYONACEA PLEXAURIDEA

Morphological Characteristics: The colonies have brownish color and are large and may measure 60 cm in height. The branches laterally from the bottom are designed. Are large and thick, reaching up to 2.4 cm in diameter. In-pipe corals and gorgonians in the colonies are also relatively flexible. Virtually all species of octocorals form colonies; The colonies shown here are bushy, are shaped chandelier, with branches in several planes.

Bathymetric distribution: This coral can be found at depths of 2m to about 8 meters.

Type locality: They are distributed throughout the world in the Western Atlantic: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, USA and Canada. Abrolhos Islands, Walls Reefs, Reef Sands, Off Caravels, Bahia, Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean


Habitat and ecology: Usually occurs in shallow, well-lit waters, found at the top of very chapeirões. they have cnidocytes, which are specialized cells used to capture prey, their bodies consist of mesoglea between two layers of epithelium that are mostly one cell thick, 2 forms: swimming medusae and sessile polyps, radially symmetrical with mouths surrounded tentacles that provide for cnidocytes has a single hole body cavity and used for digestion and breathing multicellular organism;

Reproduction: When being jellyfish in their development, they release sperm and eggs that will form the planulae, which stick to the substrate and grow, this is a play mode. Asexually occur fragmentation and from that generate the growth of a juvenile.

Conservation status: The "International union for conservation of nature" has no data indicating the status of this species in the international arena. According to the ICM-Bio no records of this endangered species. it can still be found in Abrolhos reef.